Plant Kingdom MCQs Multiple Choice Questions with Answers

1. Bryophytes consist of plants that are…?
a. Vascular
b. Non-vascular
c. Flowering
d. Non-flowering
Answer: b. Non-vascular

2. Which of the following are known as the amphibians of the plant world?
a. Psilopsida
b. Filicineae
c. Bryophyta
d. Tracheophyta
Answer: c. Bryophyta

3. Which of the following are the properties of Bryophyta?
a. Gametophyte dominant
b. Sporophyte attached to gametophyte
c. Homosporous
d. All of these
Answer: d. All of these

4. How many phyla are there in the kingdom Plantae?
a. 8
b. 14
c. 31
d. 20
Answer: b. 14

5. Which of the following Sporophyte is present in Psilopsida?
a. Rooted
b. Rootless
c. Non-vascular
d. Non-vasculated
Answer: b. Rootless

6. Which of the following is the first cell of female gametophytic generation in angiosperms?
a. Megaspore mother cell
b. Functional megaspore
c. Microspore mother cell
d. Egg cell
Answer: b. Functional megaspore

7. Which of the following group of plants were the first to develop into an independent sporophytic generation?
a. Angiosperms
b. Gymnosperms
c. Bryophytes
d. Pteridophytes
Answer: d. Pteridophytes

Recommended: Plant Kingdom Practice Test

8. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic feature of bryophytes??
a. Dominant gametophytic generation
b. Filamentous rhizoids
c. Amphibious habitat
d. Vascular tissue
Answer: d. Vascular tissue

9. The oldest demonstrably vascular plant is…?
a. Dryopteris
b. Cooksonia
c. Tmesipteris
d. Psilotum
Answer: b. Cooksonia

10. All of the following are heterosporous EXCEPT:
a. Selaginella
b. Cycas
c. Brassica
d. Adiantum
Answer: d. Adiantum

11. Which of the following do not show the characteristics of heterospory and heterophily?
a. Psilotum, Lycopodium, Pteris and Adiantum
b. Selaginella, Salvinia, Lycopodium and Pteris
c. Salvinia, Lycopodium, Selaginella, Psilotum
d. Salvinia, Selaginella, Azolla and Lycopodium
Answer: a. Psilotum, Lycopodium, Pteris and Adiantum

12. Which of the following plant group requires both land and water to complete its life cycle?
a. Bryophyta
b. Tracheophyta
c. Pteridophyta
d. Thallophyta
Answer: a. Bryophyta

13. A plant having seed but lacking flowers and fruit belong to…?
a. Bryophytes
b. Gymnosperms
c. Mosses
d. Pteridophytes
Answer: b. Gymnosperms

14. Choose the correct example of the most primitive vascular plants?
a. Cycas
b. Ferns
c. Moss
d. Brown algae
Answer: b. Ferns

15. Which of the following plants produces spores and embryos but they do not have a vascular tissue system?
a. Bryophyta
b. Phaeophyta
c. Pteridophyta
d. Rhodophyta
Answer: a. Bryophyta

16. How do gymnosperms differ from Pteridophytes?
a. Presence of tracheids
b. Presence of embryo
c. Presence of ovule
d. Companion cell
Answer: c. Presence of ovule

17. Angiosperms have dominated the land flora primarily because of…?
a. Domestication by man
b. Self-pollination property
c. Power of adapting in diverse habitats
d. Property of producing a large number of seeds
Answer: c. Power of adapting in diverse habitats

18. Plants reproducing by spores such as mosses and ferns belong to…?
a. Bryophytes
b. Sporophytes
c. Thallophytes
d. Cryptogams
Answer: d. Cryptogams

19. Plants having vascular tissues but lacking seeds belongs to…?
a. Bryophytes
b. Sporophytes
c. Thallophytes
d. Pteridophytes
Answer: d. Pteridophytes

20. Zygotic meiosis is characteristic of…?
a. Prokaryotes
b. Spermatophyta
c. Thallophytes
d. Pteridophytes
Answer: c. Thallophytes

21. Choose the incorrectly matched pair from the following:
a. Cycas ↔ Dioecious
b. Equisetum ↔ Homosporous
c. Salvinia ↔ Heterosporous
d. Pinus ↔ Dioecious
Answer: d. Pinus ↔ Dioecious

22. Choose the correct example of colonial alga:
a. Chlorella
b. Ulothrix
c. Spirogyra
d. Volvox
Answer: d. Volvox

23. Double fertilization or Triple fusion is a characteristic of…?
a. Algae
b. Gymnosperms
c. Angiosperms
d. Fungi
Answer: c. Angiosperms

24. Conifers are adapted to tolerate extreme environmental conditions because of…?
a. Thick cuticle
b. Presence of vessels
c. Superficial stomata
d. Broad hardy leaves
Answer: a. Thick cuticle

25. Agar is commercially obtained from…?
a. Red algae
b. Blue-green algae
c. Brown algae
d. Green algae
Answer: a. Red algae

26. Which of the following differs from Spirogyra based on its nucleus?
a. Azygospore
b. Zygospore
c. Akinete
d. Aplanospore
Answer: b. Zygospore

27. The cell wall of Spirogyra is made up of…?
a. Chitin
b. Cellulose
c. Lignin
d. Suberin
Answer: b. Cellulose

28. Which one of the following organisms completely lacks a cell wall??
a. Blue-green algae
b. Saccharomyces
c. Sea-fan (Gorgonia)
d. Cyanobacteria
Answer: c. Sea-fan (Gorgonia)

29. Prothallus gives rise to fern plants without fertilization; this phenomenon is known as…?
a. Parthenocarpy
b. Parthenogenesis
c. Apospory
d. Apogamy
Answer: d. Apogamy

30. Chromatophores play an essential role in the process of…?
a. Respiration
b. Gaseous exchange
c. Growth
d. Photosynthesis
Answer: d. Photosynthesis

31. Which bryophyte is responsible for the formation of peat?
a. Riccia
b. Funaria
c. Marchantia
d. Sphagnum
Answer: d. Sphagnum

32. Isogamous condition with non-flagellated gametes is found in…?
a. Chlamydomonas
b. Volvox
c. Spirogyra
d. Fucus
Answer: c. Spirogyra

33. The exine of the mature pollen grain is composed of…?
a. Lipids
b. Cellulose
c. Sporopollenin
d. Pollenkit
Answer: c. Sporopollenin

34. Which of the following is common to multicellular fungi, filamentous algae and protonema of mosses?
a. Mode of nutrition
b. Multiplication by fragmentation
c. Diplontic life cycle
d. Members of Plant Kingdom
Answer: b. Multiplication by fragmentation

35. The transport of male gametes in bryophytes and pteridophytes takes place through…?
a. Birds
b. Water
c. Insects
d. Wind
Answer: b. Water

Related MCQs:

  1. Human Health and Disease MCQs
  2. Genetics MCQs
  3. Microbes in Human Welfare MCQs
  4. Reproduction in Flowering Plants MCQs
  5. Enhancement of Food Production MCQs
  6. Cell Biology MCQs
  7. Reproductive Health MCQs
  8. Biological Classification MCQs
  9. Plant Anatomy MCQs
  10. Animal Morphology MCQs