Biodiversity and Conservation MCQ Multiple Choice Questions with Answers

1. How many groups are there in the terrestrial ecosystem?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 6
d. 8
Answer: b. 4

2. How much area of the earth is approximately covered by a terrestrial ecosystem?
a. 50 million km2
b. 1000 million km2
c. 148 million km2
d. 500 million km2
Answer: c. 148 million km2

3. Coniferous Alpine and Boreal Forests are present in which region of Pakistan?
a. Gilgit
b. Kashmir
c. Malam Jabba
d. Waziristan
Answer: c. Malam Jabba

4. Where is Sariska Tiger reserve situated?
a. Rajasthan, India
b. Orissa
c. West Bengal
d. Assam
Answer: a. Rajasthan, India

5. Which of the following is a symbol of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF)?
a. Dolphin
b. Tiger
c. Giant panda
d. Giant leopard
Answer: c. Giant panda

6. The global species diversity is about…?
a. 1.5 million
b. 20 million
c. 7 million
d. 50 million
Answer: c. 7 million

7. Red list contains data or information about which of the following?
a. All economically important plants
b. Plants whose products are in international trade
c. Threatened species
d. Marine vertebrates only
Answer: c. Threatened species

8. Which term is used for the specie that is at high risk of extinction?
a. Vulnerable
b. Endemic
c. Critically engendered
d. Extinct
Answer: c. Critically engendered

Recommended: Biodiversity and Conservation Practice Test

9. Choose the incorrect statement regarding primary succession:
a. Primary succession occurs after a volcanic eruption
b. Primary succession occurs after a destructive forest fire
c. Pioneer plants include lichens and mosses
d. Primary succession occurs on coastal sand dunes
Answer: b. Primary succession occurs after a destructive forest fire

10. Forest ecosystem is subdivided into how many types according to their density?
a. 3
b. 4
c. 2
d. 5
Answer: a. 3

11. Which is not a method of in situ conservation of biodiversity?
a. Sacred grove
b. Biosphere reserve
c. Wildlife sanctuary
d. Botanical garden
Answer: d. Botanical garden

12. Which of the following biologist is the father of biodiversity?
a. Edward O. Wilson
b. Henry Jackson
c. Charles Darwin
d. Mendel
Answer: a. Edward O. Wilson

13. Lime is generally added to which type of soil group?
a. Acidic
b. Salty
c. Sandy
d. Alkaline
Answer: a. Acidic

14. Darwin’s finches (also known as the Galápagos finches) are a good example of…?
a. Extinction
b. Adaptive radiation
c. Heterochromia
d. Island gigantism
Answer: b. Adaptive radiation

15. Which of the following soil is the least porous?
a. Peat Soil
b. Clay soil
c. Sandy soil
d. Loam soil
Answer: b. Clay soil

16. What is the name given to those species that have died out completely?
a. Exotic species
b. Speciation
c. Endemic species
d. Extinction
Answer: d. Extinction

17. What is defined as an ecological state of a species being unique to a specific geographic location?
a. Exotic species
b. Speciation
c. Endemic species
d. Extinction
Answer: c. Endemic species

18. Which term is used to describe the number of different species represented in an ecological community, landscape, or region?
a. Coevolution
b. Speciation
c. Species richness
d. Population density
Answer: c. Species richness

19. Which term is used to describe the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism?
a. Kingdom
b. Species
c. Bio Unit
d. Genus
Answer: b. Species

20. What is the highest taxonomic rank of organisms?
a. Kingdom
b. Domain
c. Order
d. Specie
Answer: b. Domain

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